How to Choose a Juicer, According to Science – 12 Factors to Consider

While most people use a blender or a food processor to get by making fresh juices, using a juicer can have its own advantages. A professional juicer is much easier and faster to use and produces delicious juice servings that look to good to put down.

If you have a very old juicer to, it’s very inconvenient and difficult to use. That’s why you should consider upgrading. It’s not worth exhausting both time and energy with a juicer that is unable to smoothly juice greens and fruits without making a big of a mess.

You want something that does an excellent job at juicing practically any fruit and vegetable. There is a wide collection of juicing machines that you can buy on a budget, but if you’re willing to invest long-term looking for high-end machines is most fitting. You want something that produces a pleasant glass of fresh health juice, while maximizing the ingredients’ nutrients and taste.

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Here are the key factors you need to consider when choosing a juicer.

1. Determine The Type You Want To Use

If you plan on buying a juicer right away, then you need to be well-aware of the kind of juicers available on the market. Finding the best juicer involves careful comparison between a centrifugal, masticating, and a citrus juicer. (1,2)

So which one will it be?

Centrifugal juicer: Being the most popular and common type of juicer, a centrifugal juicer comes with easy-to-use features. It is also an affordable pick for many common households. The reason why most people opt for a centrifugal juicer is because it functions a lot like a blender.

The juicing mechanism of a centrifugal juicer is that it spins really fast, causing a center of rotation, to apply sufficient force on the vegetables and fruits. Many types of centrifugal juicers spin powerfully at not less than 15,000 RPM.

However, this feature makes the juicer noisier with a shorter juice life span. So you need to consume to juice immediately after preparing it in a centrifugal juicer for the fresh and nutritious taste.

Masticating juicer: A masticating juicer boasts of more advanced and durable features. It uses a slower and more efficient juicing mechanism to help absorb all the right nutrients without compromising on freshness and flavor. If you’re a serious health freak, buying a masticating juicer will do you good.

It uses a low RPM count to juice all types of fruits, veggies, and other greens. It relies on chopping and squeezing the greens which takes up less power and noise. The gentle crushing and extracting of the fruits and vegetables retains more fresh juice than centrifugal juicers.

However, masticating juicers are more expensive than centrifugal juicers.

Citrus juicer: Unlike a masticating and centrifugal juicer, a citrus juicer is a manual press juicer. It is only used to juice limes, oranges, lemon, and grapefruits. They’re the most affordable ones on the market due to its limited usability.

This juicer applies pressure on the fruit to release the juice in an attached container located right under the fruit. The part which exerts pressure on the fruit looks like a small, but sturdy cone-like device. It squeezes the juice equally from all sides of the fruit, which needs to be cut in half before placing on the citrus juicer.

If you have many citrus fruits to juice, using a manual citrus juicer saves a lot of time! It helps you prepare fresh lemonades, orange drinks, and other recipes without breaking a sweat.

2. Horizontal Or Vertical Juicer - Which Is It?

Now that you know the basic types of juicers on the market, think about convenience. Do you want a slow or multiple-speed juicer? Slow juicers vary not in type, but in size.

If deciding a type for you is getting difficult, you can always prefer buying a slow juicer with either a horizontal or a vertical design. That is, if you have a compact kitchen with very limited counter space.

Here’s what you need to know about a horizontal and a vertical juicer.

Horizontal juicers: Horizontal slow juicers were the first ones to get picked up from the shelves years ago. Consumers kept coming back to it because of its easy-to-use and affordable features.

The best part about using a horizontal juicer is that it doubles as a food processor too, in most models. The fruits and vegetables remain dry and fresh after juicing. Plus, cleaning a horizontal juicer takes less time than vertical ones.

Vertical juicers: Vertical slow juicers do a good job at preserving the natural enzymes of the fruits and vegetables. And they come in variegated designs and styles to suit kitchen décor. The juicing mechanism of a vertical juicer is gravity-fed, which makes the process effortless and faster.

Vertical juicers come with wider feeding chutes than horizontal juicers, which is both cost-effective and time-saving. The only drawback to using a vertical juicer is that it’s more expensive and difficult to track down than horizontal juicers.

3. Is It Easy To Clean?

Juicers are not like other food processing appliances. They retain all the natural enzymes and micronutrients of the veggies and fruits. It chops, squeezes, and pushes the veggies to the brink to release every ounce of juice from it. So when you’re using something this powerful and precise, cleaning it thoroughly is essential.

You need to be able to clean every part of the juicer such as the pulp ejection bin, filter screens, and other components. So the best thing to do is find a juicer that’s dishwasher friendly, right? I mean, that’s the only way to reduce build-up and stickiness, which can gradually cause damage and molds.

When buying a new juicer, make sure the parts are not too difficult to clean. If there’s a longer cleaning time, there’s a possibility that you’ll treat using it in the first place. Nobody likes tough cleaning, so buying a user-friendly juicer is important.

If it’s dishwasher safe: You must read the back instructions of the juicer carefully. You shouldn’t place a part that doesn’t belong in a dishwasher. It’s not surprising that a juicer consists of certain parts that are dishwasher safe and some are not.

Generally, the removable parts of a juicer are dishwasher safe. While the bulky ones don’t withstand mechanical washing. You need to hand wash them to keep their warranty and increase shelf-life.

If it’s hand-washable only: Hand washing a juicer takes time and effort. Especially when you’re using the juicer several times a day. It’s always advisable to soak all the removable parts in warm water until you use it again. Only after the last juicing should you use soap to clean all the parts of a juicer. (3)

4. Does It Have A High Yield?

When you compare a centrifugal juicer to a masticating juicer, you will know that the latter one is more efficient at extracting fresh juice than the former. (4)

Depending on your drinking habits, you can pick between a centrifugal and a masticating juicer. If you want a small amount of yield, that is a single glass produce, buying a centrifugal juicer is imperative. Using a masticating juicer for a larger produce has its own health benefits.

A centrifugal juicer pushes the veggies and fruits in a fast-spinning basket. This basket comes with a grated bottom that helps shred and spin the entire produce. The final result is the juice following through the mesh filter and in the pitcher. The remaining, unused pulp is transferred into a separate basket.

The fast-spinning juicing mechanism produces plenty of oxidation which means most of the natural enzymes and micronutrients are destroyed. So it’s always advisable to drink the juice fresh when it’s prepared in a centrifugal juicer. For this reason, centrifugal juicers offer less yield than masticating juicers.

On the other hand, a masticating juicer uses slow speeds to break down micronutrients. This is because a masticating juicer is a single-speed juicer that releases the gently squeezed juice into a screen. With less oxidation (because of the slow-spinning speed) and better nutrient extraction, their yield is much higher and healthier to consume.

5. Consider The Speed Settings

There are single-gear juicers, such as masticating juicers, horizontal, and vertical slow juicers, and there are multiple-speed ones, such as centrifugal juicers.

The speed settings on a standard centrifugal juicer varies from 3,000 to 15,000 RPM. So buying a centrifugal juicer for faster yields is essential. Whereas, single-gear juicers come with a single speed varying from 40 to 160 RPM. The extreme difference in speed setting between a slow and centrifugal juicer says a lot of about energy efficiency. (5)

An appliance that uses more power to perform takes up more electric energy. So a centrifugal juicer working at 15,000 RPM takes a lot more power usage than a single-speed juicer at 160 RPM.

The amount of power wattages on a centrifugal juicer shouldn’t have to determine its speed. It goes the other way around. If you buy a 3,000 RPM juicer, it can have a higher power usage than a 10,000 RPM juicer. What you need to do is check each specification based on your preferences.

If you’re buying a juicer with more than two RPM settings, it takes up more electrical power than using only a 15,000 RPM centrifugal juicer. A standard juicer uses up 85 to 1000 watts per hour depending on the duration and motor performance. (6)

6. Check The Noise Levels

The typical noise level of a juicer is between 81 to 88 decibels, more than that of an air purifier but still bearable. Anything more than this mark can seem too noisy and disturbing. People often confuse power ratings with sound ratings of a kitchen appliance. For checking the noise levels of any kitchen appliance, it’s important to look at the dBA rating of a model.

Lots of juicers are tested under normal conditions, that is close to open windows and in spacious rooms. This hinders the entire process of measuring the sound levels of any appliance since it’s subjective to each consumer.

If you buy a juicer with the lowest possible sound rating, using it in a compact kitchen won’t give you a headache. However, if you want quieter sound levels, using a juicer in an open space can be a good idea. Noise and environment go hand-in-hand to determine the sound level of any juicer.

When using a centrifugal juicer, the high-power settings produce more noise. On the other hand, using a masticating juicer at slower speeds produce less noise than multiple-speed juicers. The major difference here is that centrifugal juicers take less time to juice than masticating. So, as noisy as it may be, the juicing time on a centrifugal juicer is faster than any other juicer.

Hence, determining the sound level based on these factors is imperative.

7. Don’t Forget To Compare The Prices

The solid build, speed, and ease of use of a juicer might determine its price. A commercial juicer that is able to withstand years to use is generally more expensive to buy. But you can base your budget depending on the different types of juicers available on the market.

Manual juicers: Manual juicers are the least expensive ones on the market. They’re usually hand-held juicers that apply force to extract the juice from certain types of fruits, not vegetables. A standard manual juicer, a commercial one, falls between the range of $8 to $200.

Centrifugal juicers: Most consumers are familiar with a centrifugal juicer because of its basic features and affordable price. The cheapest centrifugal juicer costs about $150 up to $300 for mid-range models with a few advanced features and add-ons. The most premium price for an intelligent centrifugal juicer would be up to $2000.

Masticating juicers: The cost of a masticating juicer surpasses centrifugal models. But the cheapest range is between $200 to $400 for a commercial masticating juicer.

Citrus juicers: These are either manual or electric juicers ranging from $5 up to $150. Citrus juicers aren’t as versatile as other models, which makes them more affordable and easy to track down.

8. How Versatile Is It?

If you prefer juicing all sorts of vegetables and fruits, knowing how versatile your juicer is is important. Buying a centrifugal juicer over a masticating limits your veggie and fruits intake. However, a centrifugal juicer offers quick and simple juicing, a lot less complicated than masticating models.

Considering the versatility of a juicer is all a matter of personal preference. There are plenty juicers out there that offer appropriate juicing options for beginners as well as serious health enthusiasts.

Centrifugal juicer: Centrifugal juicers are less versatile than masticating juicers. They pulverize the fruit and vegetables against a fast-spinning cutting blade. This limits the types of food you put inside the chute. So juicing leafy green vegetables such as spinach, kale, and other herbs is not possible.

A centrifugal juicer is suitable for basic veggies and fruits since it accepts big-sized pieces. It even delivers juice faster than other models.

Cold press juicers: Cold press juicers are also known as masticating juicers. They work in the opposite direction of centrifugal juicers, that is at slower speeds and better micronutrients and enzyme absorption.

Because the juicer gently squeezes and compresses the fruits and vegetables, adding leafy greens, herbs, and sprouts is possible. It even offers a higher juice yield which lasts for as long as 72 hours.

Speaking of such versatility, you can also use a masticating juicer for processing butter, milk, ice cream, etc. Despite the higher cost and set up, using a masticating juicer for its functionality is quite tempting, if you ask me.

9. Consider Ease Of Use

The basics of juicing are spelled out just right, but what about the juicer itself? How do you know whether the juicer is easy to use and effective? Or will it give you trouble once you bring it home and use it for the first time?

Buying a juicer isn’t enough, considering how easy it is to use is also very important. There are many differences between using a centrifugal and masticating juicer. From pulp ejection systems to locking mechanism, and so forth. If you pay attention to such details before you buy it, you won’t face any problems using it in the future. (7)

Pulp ejection system: With every juicer, after the juicing method stops, you will have to deal with the fibrous pulp of various fruits. If you consider buying a juicer without a pulp ejection system, it can make cleaning slightly difficult.

A pulp ejection system that makes the juicer unique and easy to handle. Especially when you use it several times a day. It’s like a filtration system that gets rid of all the bad, left-over stuff so you don’t have to deal with it first-hand.

There are many types of pulp ejection systems, but the most common one removes the left-over pulp while juicing. So you can keep a small container right in front of the pulp ejecting hole. So all the pulp is neatly collected without causing clogs or molds inside the juicer.

The other type holds the left-over pulp inside the juicer in a tiny pulp collection bin. This is suitable for people who have to work with limited counter space.

Juice collector: Considering how much space you want for juice collection is a matter of personal preference. If you make juices for the whole family, considering a bigger juice collector is ideal.

On the other hand, if you plan on juicing only one or two glasses for a day, buying a built-in juice collector is enough. It saves both counter space and money. Modern juicers come with custom-built juice collectors, if you plan on self-serving your juice produce at once.

Feeder tube: The feeder tube is from where you will put the fruits and vegetables for juicing. The size of a feeder tube determines how much you can insert inside the juicer for juicing. The larger the feeder tube, the more fruits and vegetables you can add.

It also depends on the type of juicer you ultimately choose. Some commercial juicers come with feeders that come right off for better fruits and vegetables insertion. That’s very similar to blenders.

On the other hand, some feeders allow you to press fruits down into the juicer to grind them before the juicing process begins. This saves time, on your part, to physically chop each fruit and vegetable before juicing.

10. Does It Come With A Warranty?

If your juicer doesn’t come with a promising warranty, don’t buy it. With a proper warranty you can report factory defects which might have remained hidden in the store. Lack of proper warranty is often the case with ineffective brands and weak models.

When you consider buying a higher-priced juicer, you will notice a whopping warranty benefit. Some commercial, high-end juicers come with 10 to 15 years of warranty on build as well as performance. But if you want to use your juicer for not more than 5 years, buying a mid-range model that offers a limited-period warranty is effective.

Consider the warranty as a guarantee, by the manufacturer, of the juicer you’re buying. While some offer 1 year limited warranty, other brands give away long-term warranties with insurances that cover most of the repairs and replacement.

Some models also come with a solid warranty of the motor for up to 10 years. The same applies to a warranty on main parts of a juicer. (8)

11. Do You Need A Twin-Gear Juicer?

If buying a masticating or a centrifugal juicer isn’t suitable, consider buying a twin-gear one. It’s also referred to as a triturating juicer. This juicer grinds, rubs, crushes, or pounds the veggies and fruits to produce finer particles. This extracts all the juice, enzymes, and nutrients from the fruit and vegetables.

Like the name suggests, it rotates inwards, crushing and grinding the extracts. You can select either a 40 to 80 RPM gear setting or an 80 to 160 RPM gear setting. All types of veggies work with a twin-gear juicer. Plus, it’s known to come with additional tools and attachments for better usability.

Here are some pros and cons of using a twin-gear juicer:

Advantages of a twin-gear juicer:

  • It’s more silent than other types of juicers.

  • The juice can be stored in a refrigerator for up to 36 hours.

  • It offers low-speed juicing mechanism which retains micronutrients and natural enzymes.

  • It eliminates excessive oxidization.

  • The cutting blade produces very little foam.

Disadvantages of a twin-gear juicer:

  • It’s fairly priced, but is more expensive than centrifugal juicers.

  • Not suitable for beginners.

  • It is a heavy-duty appliance.

  • The feeding chute or feeder tube is comparatively smaller.

12. Will You Be Juicing Wheatgrass?

Finding something that breaks down wheatgrass is similar to finding Waldo. You need the right set of skills, in this case features, to win. The two most important features in a wheatgrass juicer are slow speed and powerful operation. So it’s sort of a combination of a masticating and a centrifugal juicer.

There are plenty of juicers that are willing to extract every drop from the hard fibers of wheatgrass. Using a manual juicer, on the other hand, might seem a bit challenging. But it’s the most convenient way to juice wheatgrass. Any other juicer might clog up or start lagging in the middle of the process.

The price of a standard manual juicer is somewhere between $20 to $50. A manual wheatgrass juicer comes with a stainless steel construction, a long feeder tube, and a rotating handle.

Electric wheatgrass juicers offer less heat build-up and higher juice yields that are well-suited. They also feature automatic pulp ejectors to reduce clogging and dryness. Juicing wheatgrass won’t be difficult anymore, unless you use the wrong juicer that doesn’t strain every bit of wheatgrass juice after completion. 

Why Juicing?

With a good juicer by your side, you can reap the benefits of juicing; better than buying packaged drinks from the grocery store. Understanding why juicing is so important will make your case stronger when choosing the right juicer.

Buying the best juicer can make nutrient absorption in the body more effective than normal chewing of the same fruits and vegetables. Not only that, you can combine different kinds of fruits and vegetables that you normally wouldn’t consume in a single plate. So without juicing, you’d miss out on the consumption of many nutritious fruits and vegetables such as kale, beet, berries, grapefruit, and pineapple. (10,11)

Buying the wrong kind of juicer, without any consideration, can have its own disadvantages:

Heat build-up: If you use the wrong kind of juicer, especially on that’s high-powered, it can lead to heat build-up inside the juice collector. The natural enzymes and nutrients present in fruits and vegetables get destroyed when heated. Even a slight increase in juice temperature than normal can have a negative effect on the food products.

Oxidization: This is when the natural enzymes and nutrients present in various fruits and vegetables get torn because of too much oxygen exposure. The oxygen particles have a negative effect on the nutrients which can reduce its potency and freshness.

A lot goes into making good juice- exposure to a certain amount of oxygen, heat, and foaming. But juice extraction is only possible when done right. Otherwise it can have destructive effects on the human body.

For example, according to one report, enzyme loss in the body due to a poor juicer can lead to serious health concerns. Proteins, a common enzyme present in most fruits and vegetables, when digested, is broken down into amino acids which your body needs for energy production and a stronger immune system.

This report also demonstrates how just enough heat and oxidization can improve enzyme-absorption in a high-quality juicer. Juicers that invites too much oxygen or air into the juicing method are not fit for proper standards. That said, the cutting blades or speed of the motor do not directly have an effect on juice enzyme extraction. In fact, too much air exposure can cause foaming, which leads to oxidization.

Thus several aspects of a juicer such as the feeding tube, juice collector, cutting blade, and motor speed come into play when producing enzyme-rich juice. Studies have also suggested that a good juicer can reduce bacterial contamination and eliminate air that keep the micronutrients and natural enzymes stable and healthy. (12)

That’s A Wrap!

If you’ve come this far, it means you’re ready to buy a new juicer right away. Putting in some serious thought to your juicer needs saves you from making expensive mistakes. Just in case you didn’t follow through, this is how you can compare different models of juicers on the market. 

  • If you don’t know which type of juicer to get, considering the vegetables and fruits you will be juicing is important. If you will be juicing softer fruit and vegetables, buying a masticating juicer is essential. It’s good for juicing leafy greens and producing high yields at slower speeds.

  • Using a centrifugal juice for hard fruits and vegetables is the most effective juicing method at a valuable price.

  • If you have plenty of time on your hands, look for a masticating juicer. The slow speed and powerful churning extracts maximum juice without destroying micronutrients and other natural enzymes. On the other hand, using a centrifugal juicer does the job incredibly fast!

  • Considering a wider feeder tube to avoid chopping and slicing the fruits and vegetables yourself is ideal. You can insert whole carrots, apples, and other hard items without worrying about clogging.

  • If you’re a traveler, consider buying a more portable juicer like a vertical or a manual juicer for maximum convenience. So it doesn’t weigh down your backpack.

  • If you’re juicing for the entire family, buying a horizontal juicer with a bigger juice collector and pulp ejection system is important. It reduces cleaning time and you get a powerful motor to run for years.

  • Ensure some parts of the juicer are dishwasher-safe to reduce cleaning time. Especially when you plan on using the juicer several times a day.